Process overview    

  • Basics
  • Process relations

You should be able to:

  • List the processes
  • Understand the way processes operate through activities
  • Understand the sequence in which processes take place

PRINCE2 describes the management activities in the project in 7 processes. Each process clarifies the specific management activities to be undertaken in various phases of the project.

Globally we divide projects in the following major steps:

1: Pre-project
The run-up to the project. Activities are executed in the process Starting up a Project. Although management activities are performed this is not a real stage in the sense of PRINCE2: there is no Business Case, no plan and no budget, so there is not really a project.

2: Initiation stage
In this stage preparation and planning for the project take place by executing the activities in the Initiating a Project process.

In this stage the PID is prepared.

3: Project execution stages
The production of the project's products takes place in one or more management stages. In these stages the processes Controlling a Stage and Managing Product Delivery take place. Transition from one stage to the next is managed through the Managing a Stage Boundary process.
The PRINCE2 processes each consist of a series of management activities that have to be undertaken in an advised sequence. The last activity in a process triggers the start of the next process. Of course these activities are but a part of all work in the project. PRINCE2 is only concerned with the management of the project, and provides no guidance on the actual production of the project's product.

4: Last execution stage
In this last stage products will be completed and must be handed over to the customer. Also project closure is prepared. Closing a Project is the process used to manage a careful end to the project. PRINCE2 does not recognize an "aftercare stage", but advises to use the Closing a Project process during the last execution stage to ensure that all activities necessary for maintenance and support are taken care of.

The Directing a Project (DP) process is active at the moments in a project when decisions about the start, closure and continuation of the project have to be taken.

Based on Cabinet Office PRINCE2® material. Reproduced under license of the Cabinet Office.

The seven processes are related in the following way:

  • information flows from SU, IP, CS, SB en CP to DP
  • information flows from MP to CS
  • decisions flow from DP to the underlying processes and from CS to MP